Emirates Union Treaty 1972. Sheikh Zayed and Sheikh Rashid
By 1966 it had become clear the British Government could no longer afford to administer and protect what is now the United Arab Emirates. When the British-Trucial Sheikhdoms treaty expired on 1 December 1971, they became fully independent.
The rulers of Abu Dhabi and Dubai decided to form a union between their two emirates independently, prepare a constitution, then call the rulers of the other five emirates to a meeting and offer them the opportunity to join. It was also agreed between the two that the constitution be written by 2 December 1971. On that date, at the Dubai Guesthouse Palace, four other emirates agreed to enter into a union called the United Arab Emirates.